Surgical Abortion Procedure: Types, Side Effects And Preventions

Surgical Abortion Procedure: Types, Side Effects And Preventions

What is Surgical Abortion?

Surgical Abortion is an effective procedure where pregnancy tissues have been removed from the uterus with the help of a vacuum suction tube. It is considered to be the less painful and simple method to end the childbirth. This is conducted up to 14-16 weeks of pregnancy. There are two kinds of surgical abortion:

Vacuum Aspiration:

This method is performed when the mother is 14-16 weeks pregnant. It is also known as suction aspiration and suction curettage. After a pain reducing medicine, a doctor will inject an anaesthesia in the cervix and insert a suction tube into the uterus to empties the contents of pregnancy from the mother’s womb. Antibiotic is given to protect against any infection. It takes about 15 minutes.

Side Effects of Vacuum Aspiration:

  • Unsteadiness
  • Heavy Bleeding
  • Cervical Damage
  • Pain and discomfort of cramps
  • Nausea

All the risks are very rare to occur. This is the safest method to abort a baby.

Dilation and Evacuation (D&E)

After the 16 weeks of pregnancy, Dilation and Evacuation (D&E) are performed. An anaesthesia is used to numb the cervix and then a suction device is used to take out the embryo tissue. An expert broadens the uterus to insert the suction tube in the lining part. In the end, cleaning is done to ensure the removal of the contents completely.

Side Effects Of Dilation Evacuation (D&E)

  • Severe Bleeding during a menstrual cycle
  • Minor Infection
  • Weakness
  • Pain
  • Vomiting
  • Fever
  • Cervical Damage

Don’t get panic if any such complications arise, just consult a doctor immediately for better advice and assistance.

Preventions To Follow After the Procedure

If you don’t want to experience any complications then stay connect with your consultant constantly. Be aware of the process to reduce the pain and infection after the surgical abortion procedure. Here a brief about the following steps to be taken care of:

  • Take shower instead of a bath.
  • Avoid intimidation with the partner for few days.
  • Do not insert anything into a vagina like tampons, menstrual cups, etc.
  • Do not go swimming.
  • Do not take any medicine without discussing it with a doctor.
  • Go for proper routine checkups for quick healing.